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President Donald Trump signs a proclamation to shrink the size of Bears Ears and Grand Staircase Escalante national monuments, Monday, Dec. 4, 2017, in Salt Lake City. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
Evan Vucci, AP Photo
President Donald Trump signs a proclamation to shrink the size of Bears Ears and Grand Staircase Escalante national monuments, Monday, Dec. 4, 2017, in Salt Lake City. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
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SALT LAKE CITY — President Donald Trump signed a proclamation Monday to scale back two sprawling national monuments in Utah, pledging to “reverse federal overreach and restore the rights of this land to your citizens.”

Trump made his plans official during a speech at the state Capitol, where he was cheered by the state’s Republican leaders who lobbied him to undo protections they contend are overly broad and close off the area to energy development and other access.

Environmental and tribal groups plan to sue to preserve monuments they say are vital to protect important archaeological and cultural resources, especially the Bears Ears National Monument, a more than 1.3 million-acre (2,030-square-mile) site in southeastern Utah that features thousands of Native American artifacts, including ancient cliff dwellings and petroglyphs.

“Some people think that the natural resources of Utah should be controlled by a small handful of very distant bureaucrats located in Washington,” Trump said. “And guess what? They’re wrong.”

  • The Colorado River flows past the northernmost boundary of the Bears Ears National Monument in southeastern Utah.

    Francisco Kjolseth, The Salt Lake Tribune via AP

    The Colorado River flows past the northernmost boundary of the Bears Ears National Monument in southeastern Utah.

  • Shows the "House on Fire" ...

    Rick Bowmer , Associated Press file

    This June 22, 2016, file photo, shows the "House on Fire" ruins in Mule Canyon in the Bears Ears National Monument near Blanding, Utah.

  • This May 23, 2016, file photo shows Lockhart Basin, south of the Colorado River, within the boundary of the Bears Ears region in southeastern Utah. President Barack Obama designated two national monuments Wednesday at sites in Utah and Nevada that have become key flashpoints over use of public land in the U.S. West.

    Francisco Kjolseth, The Salt Lake Tribune via AP

    This May 23, 2016, file photo shows Lockhart Basin, south of the Colorado River, within the boundary of the Bears Ears region in southeastern Utah. President Barack Obama designated two national monuments Wednesday at sites in Utah and Nevada that have become key flashpoints over use of public land in the U.S. West.

  • Backpacker Carl Sullivan from Colorado Springs, Colorado stands on a rock under Broken Bow Arch in The Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in southern  Utah 06 October 2001.  This is one of several National Parks and Monuments in Utah that could be visited during the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah.

    George Grey, AFP/Getty Images

    Backpacker Carl Sullivan from Colorado Springs, Colorado stands on a rock under Broken Bow Arch in The Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in southern Utah 06 October 2001. This is one of several National Parks and Monuments in Utah that could be visited during the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah.

  • The best preserved of the seven ...

    Katherine Frey, The Washington Post

    The best preserved of the seven Pueblo ruins that date to the 13th century called Cave Canyon Towers is photographed at Bears Ears National Monument June 11, 2017 in Cedar Mesa, UTAH.

  • This May 8, 2017, file photo ...

    Francisco Kjolseth, The Salt Lake Tribune via AP

    This May 8, 2017, file photo shows an aerial view of Arch Canyon within Bears Ears National Monument in Utah. Native American tribes and environmental groups preparing a legal battle to stop President Donald Trump from dismantling Utah's new national monument will face a tougher challenge than anticipated.

  • Sandstone formations are shown here in ...

    George Frey, Getty Images file

    Sandstone formations are shown here in the Hells Backbone and Calf Creek area of the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument on May 11, 2017 outside Boulder, Utah.

  • Shows the "House on Fire” ...

    Rick Bowmer, Associated Press file

    This June 22, 2016, file photo, shows the "House on Fire” ruins one of the ancient sites in the Bears Ears region near Blanding, Utah.

  • President Donald Trump speaks at the ...

    Rick Bowmer, The Associated Press

    President Donald Trump speaks at the Utah State Capitol Monday, Dec. 4, 2017, in Salt Lake City. Trump traveled to Salt Lake City to announce plans to shrink two sprawling national monuments in Utah in a move that will delight the state's GOP politicians and many rural residents who see the lands as prime examples of federal overreach, but will enrage tribes and environmentalist groups who vow to immediately sue to preserve the monuments.

  • Tami Sablan and other protesters chant ...

    Trent Nelson, The Salt Lake Tribune via AP

    Tami Sablan and other protesters chant before a visit by President Donald Trump to announce that he is scaling back two sprawling national monuments, Monday Dec. 4, 2017 in Salt Lake City.

  • Protesters gather before a visit by ...

    Trent Nelson, The Salt Lake Tribune via AP

    Protesters gather before a visit by President Donald Trump to announce that he is scaling back two sprawling national monuments, Monday Dec. 4, 2017, in Salt Lake City.

  • Protesters gather before a visit by ...

    Trent Nelson, The Salt Lake Tribune via AP

    Protesters gather before a visit by President Donald Trump to announce that he is scaling back two sprawling national monuments, Monday Dec. 4, 2017, in Salt Lake City.

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Roughly 3,000 demonstrators lined up near the State Capitol protesting Trump’s announcement. The protesters held signs that said, “Keep your tiny hands off our public lands,” and they chanted, “Lock him up!” A smaller group gathered in support of Trump’s decision, including some who said they favor potential drilling or mining there that could create jobs.

The Bears Ears and Grand Staircase-Escalante national monuments were among a group of 27 monuments that Trump ordered Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke to review this year.

Bears Ears, created last year by President Barack Obama, will be reduced to 201,876 acres (315 square miles).

Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, designated in 1996, will be reduced from nearly 1.9 million acres (nearly 3,000 square miles) to 1,003,863 acres (1,569 square miles).

Trump also met with leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and toured Welfare Square, a church-run complex in Salt Lake City that aids the poor.

Zinke accompanied Trump aboard Air Force One, as did Utah’s Republican senators, Orrin Hatch and Mike Lee. Hatch and other Utah Republican leaders pushed Trump to launch the review, saying the monuments declared by Presidents Barack Obama and Bill Clinton locked up too much federal land.

Trump exited the plane with Hatch and was greeted by cheers from a crowd assembled for the arrival. Hatch joined the president on a rope line, where Trump engaged in some small talk and signed someone’s hat before he was driven to his next stop.

Trump said Monday while leaving the White House that the monument announcement is “something that the state of Utah and others have wanted to be done for many, many years.” He said it is “so important for states’ rights and so important for the people of Utah.”

In December, shortly before leaving office, Obama irritated Utah Republicans by creating the Bears Ears National Monument on land sacred to Native Americans.

Trump signed an executive order in April directing Zinke to review the protections. Trump is able to upend the protections under the 1906 Antiquities Act, which gives the president broad authority to declare federal lands as monuments and restrict their use.

Trump said at the time that he had spoken to state and local leaders “who are gravely concerned about this massive federal land grab. And it’s gotten worse and worse and worse, and now we’re going to free it up, which is what should have happened in the first place. This should never have happened.”

The move marks the first time in a half century that a president has undone these types of land protections. And it could be the first of many changes to come.

Zinke has also recommended that Nevada’s Gold Butte and Oregon’s Cascade-Siskiyou monuments be reduced in size, though details remain unclear. The former Montana congressman’s plan would allow logging at a newly designated monument in Maine and more grazing, hunting and fishing at two sites in New Mexico.

Democrats and environmentalists have opposed the changes, accusing Trump and Zinke of engaging in a secretive process aimed at helping industry groups that have donated to Republican political campaigns.


Associated Press writers Brady McCombs and Michelle L. Price in Salt Lake City and Darlene Superville and Ken Thomas in Washington contributed to this report.

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